german cruiser blücher wreck

A German fleet led by the cruiser Blücher was dispatched up the Oslofjord to begin the German invasion of Norway, with the objective of seizing the Norwegian capital of Oslo and capturing King Haakon VII and his government. The Blücher was the last and arguably the best German armoured cruiser, armed like the new Nassau dreadnoughts. Even though it and the country were ultimately captured and occupied, the effects of delaying the German advance were immediate and considerable. The shelling lasted only for five to seven minutes. The loss of the German flagship, which carried most of the troops and Gestapo agents intended to occupy Oslo, delayed the German occupation long enough for King Haakon VII and his government to escape from the capital. The occupation forces would then take care of the rest. These torpedoes had been practice-launched well over 200 times before, but no one was certain if they would function or not. Emden was a light cruiser built for the German Reichsmarine in the early 1920s. [34] The crew's struggle ended when, at 05:30,[34] fires reached a midship ammunition hold for the 10.5 cm (4.13 in) Flak guns, blowing a large gap in the ship's side. [49] On 9 April, the Storting was able to convene at Elverum and give the cabinet a wide authorization to govern until a Storting could again assemble. In one famous incident the German battle cruiser Blücher … Oscarsborg had fulfilled its mission and denied an invader access to the capital. German transport planes flying through Oslofjord; The Norwegian victory was short lived as, unbeknown to Eriksen, the Blücher was only the first step in the invasion. [31], The return fire from Blücher was ineffective, with the light artillery mostly pointing too high and the main batteries, 20.3 cm guns, unable to fire due to the damage caused by the second 28 cm round from Oscarsborg's Main Battery. [25][26][27] Only at this point did it become clear to the men of the fortress whom they were fighting. [27] The message had been sent to the naval base in Horten at 04:10, but the massive communications problems that severely hampered the efforts of the Norwegian military throughout the Norwegian Campaign had prevented it from reaching Oscarsborg in time. The ship was intended for long-range overseas service, so the designers placed emphasis on a large cruising radius and capaciou… She was hit by shells from 15km distance and capsized near Doggersbank. [16] When Anderssen had been called back into duty a month previously, he had been a pensioner for 13 years, having originally retired from his post as commander of the torpedo battery in 1927. [16] Colonel Eriksen later explained his decision by alluding to the fact that the German naval force already had forced their way past the Oslofjord Fortress' forts and had received both warning shots and live rounds from these more outlying coastal fortifications. The ship was launched on 8 June 1937, and was completed slightly over two years later, on 20 September 1939, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. On 9th April 1940, the fort was attacked by the Kriegsmarine and sank the German cruiser "Blücher". Please practice hand-washing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. [19] Only one gun crew of actual artillerymen was available, and two guns could only be made operational by splitting the real gunners between the two guns and using non-combatant privates to assist the gunners. Apart from the officers and NCOs, almost all the soldiers manning the fortress were fresh recruits, having only been conscripted seven days before, on 2 April. And they pumped the remaining fuel out for saving the marine-enviroment reasons. 4 of the Norwegian Royal Guards under the command of Kaptein (Captain) A. J. T. The German Kriegsmarine, Blücher Operational History, Heavy Cruiser, Blücher, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1940, Admiral Hipper class The fjord was the scene of a key event in the German invasion of Norway in 1940. After a break in the attacks from 12:00 to 13:30, during which time Lützow bombarded Hovedøya,[1] the Luftwaffe bombers returned at 13:30 and soon strafed the remaining Norwegian anti-aircraft guns, forcing the crew to seek shelter in the nearby forest at around 14:00. "[20] Two rounds from the 28 cm (11.0 in) Krupp guns Moses and Aron engaged the German cruiser Blücher at 1,800 m (2,000 yd) range. By 18:30, the Norwegian soldiers withdrew from the area, abandoning the Germans. [19] Upon giving the command, Eriksen was questioned. Kommandørkaptein Anderssen donned his old uniform and was transported by boat over the fjord to the torpedo battery. As the vessels had continued up the fjord toward the capital, Eriksen was of the opinion that he had the right to consider them enemy warships and to engage them as such. [21] The personnel pressed into service on the main guns included cooks woken up to man the Main Battery. She was ordered in 1910 and commissioned in May 1913, the fourth battlecruiser built for the High Seas Fleet.She was named after Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, a Prussian general during the reign of King Frederick the Great and the Seven Years' War. [23], While fire raged aboard Blücher, the secondary Norwegian coastal batteries fired at her with guns ranging in calibre from the two small 57 mm (2.24 in) pieces at Husvik, intended to protect the fortress' missing mine barrier, to the three 15 cm (5.9 in) guns of the Kopås Battery on the eastern side of the fjord. Petersson. But she, like many other ships in history, was created and born in an era where she was vunerable to … Kummetz flew his flag in Blücher. Wreck of WW2 Italian destroyer found under the Mediterranean Sea waters, Awesome Drone Footage: P-40 fighter aircraft lifted from the bottom of Kerch Strait - It Was Part of Lend-Lease Agreement, Yes! For some time after the battle, the belief was that Oscarsborg had sunk the artillery training ship Brummer. The Blucher lies in 92m depth in the Oslo-fjord and is due to prevailing conditions a very demanding dive. [9] The third torpedo launcher was left loaded in case more ships were to follow close behind Blücher. The wreck counts as a war-grave, hundreds of sailors and soldiers died on it. [46] Amongst the bombers that attacked Oscarsborg were twenty-two long-range Junkers Ju 87R "Stuka" dive bombers of Sturzkampfgeschwader 1 under the command of Hauptmann Paul-Werner Hozzel, operating from Kiel-Holtenau airport in northern Germany. [44], The fortress was subjected to heavy Luftwaffe bombing later on the same day, to which the fortress could only reply with two Bofors 40 mm L/60 anti-aircraft (AA) guns and three Colt M/29 7.92 mm (0.312 in) AA machine guns at Seiersten Battery, as well as another four Colt M/29 7.92 mm AA machine guns at Håøya Battery,[45] but again there were no Norwegian casualties. [19] There was no time to reload; there was not even time to fire the third gun, Josva, which was loaded but unmanned. The Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust is pleased to announce that the wreck of SMS Scharnhorst has been located off the Falkland Islands. The German heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen was one of the German Navy’s largest ships. During the battle, another burning ship was spotted in the distance from Oscarsborg, leading the Norwegian defenders to believe they had sunk another German warship in addition to Blücher. The fortress' armaments worked flawlessly despite their age, sinking the Blücher in the sound and forcing the German fleet to fall back. German cruiser Blücher sinking in the Oslofjord, originally spearheading the capture of the Norwegian capital and Royal Family. She was built as a response to what German intelligence at the time believed were the specifications of... SMS Blücher was the last armored cruiser of the German Kaiserliche Marine. The hilariously parodical scenes which follow include the monsters encounter with a lonely, blind hermit (Gene Hackman) who befriends him, spill… German Heavy Cruiser Blücher Wreckage Site and Diving (five videos) Hitler’s plan for conquering Norway was simple. Seeing the geysers of water from underwater explosions on Blücher, and unaware of the torpedo battery, the commander of the heavy cruiser Lützow (the recently renamed 'pocket battleship' Deutschland) assumed the flagship had hit mines and at 04:40 the decision was made for the flotilla to turn back and land the invasion forces out of range of the Oscarsborg batteries. The hotel was the temporary improvised location for the Royal Norwegian Navy Hospital, which had been evacuated from Horten at midnight on 8 April. Part of the recruits' training was to lay the mine barrier, a process planned for a few days later. [1] Design work on the first new light cruiser, ordered as "Ersatz Niobe", began in 1921. Design work on the first new light cruiser, ordered as "Ersatz Niobe", began in 1921. Article 190 limited new cruiser designs to 6,000 long tons (6,100 t) and prohibited new construction until the vessel to be replaced was at least twenty years old. Colonel Eriksen, Commander of the Oscarsborg fortress near Drøbak, mainly maintained for historical purposes, sank the German heavy cruiser Blücher in the Drøbak narrows. The flawless waterline hull has extensive superstructure detail cast in situ, as well as anchors, chains, and rolled-up torpedo nets. Tamelander, Michael & Zetterling, Niklas: "Besøket på Oscarsborg festning lørdag 2 september", Oscarsborg Fortress Museum official website, Oscarsborg Museum – history of the fortress, Norwegian Armed Forces website page about the fortress, 50 year anniversary Aftenposten newspaper article on the invasion of Norway, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Drøbak_Sound&oldid=998625963, Battles and operations of World War II involving Norway, Battles of World War II involving Germany, Articles with Norwegian-language sources (no), Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 07:51. The reserve officers were released on 15 May, while the full-time officers were transferred to Grini prison camp and released in late May 1940.[48]. [38] Around 1,000 of the Germans, including Generalmajor Erwin Engelbrecht and Admiral Oskar Kummetz, were eventually moved to a nearby farm and placed under light guard. Blücher was the second of five Admiral Hipper -class heavy cruisers of Nazi Germany 's Kriegsmarine, built after the rise of the Nazi Party and the repudiation of the Treaty of Versailles. [25] As Kommandørkaptein Anderssen pushed the firing mechanism button for the torpedoes, at approximately 04:30, the weapons turned out to work perfectly; first one and then another torpedo raced out of their underwater exit tunnels at 3 m (9.8 ft) below the surface toward the burning warship. Due to this, the retired Kommandørkaptein (Commander Senior Grade) Andreas Anderssen, who lived in nearby Drøbak, had been assigned as temporary commander for the battery. In all, the fortress was subjected to nearly nine hours of air attack, during which time around five hundred bombs—ranging from 50–200 kg (110–440 lb) in size—were dropped on Oscarsborg. [42], By the time Blücher sank, the remaining naval force destined for Oslo had long since turned around and retreated back down the fjord. By this point, Blücher was doomed. The first 28 cm shell hit Blücher right in front of the aft mast,[19] and set the midship area up to the fore mast on fire. According to Article 181 of the Treaty of Versailles, the treaty that ended World War I, the German Navy was permitted only six light cruisers. The Battle of Drøbak Sound took place in Drøbak Sound, the northernmost part of the outer Oslofjord in southern Norway, on 9 April 1940. VHF-radio and a skilled and experienced surface-crew is a must. According to Article 181 of the Treaty of Versailles, the treaty that ended World War I, the German Navy was permitted only six light cruisers. The Germans, on the other hand, lost a powerful heavy cruiser, 650-800 dead, approximately 50 wounded, and around 1000 were taken prisoner. The heavy cruiser Blücher would sail into the Oslo harbor, turn its cannons against the royal palace, and Norway would surrender. According to the report, a major concern is a typhoon damaging the wreck and facilitating a … POLITICAL, SOCIETY, ECONOMY, ART, CULTURE DURING WW2, Occupied Nations and Territories - Collaborators, ESPIONAGE, RESISTANCE, ESCAPES, SECRETS AND CURIOSITIES, Special Operations, Intelligence and Espionage, Partisans, Guerrillas and Resistance Movements, STRATEGIES, RESOURCES AND CAPABILITIES MILITARY, Strategy, Tactic, Doctrine, Planning and Training, Russo-Finish War: Winter War (1939-1940) and Continuation War (1941-1944), France, Belgium and Low Countries (1939-1940), Battle of Britain, Operation Sea Lion and The Blitz (1940-1941), WAR IN THE AFRICA, MEDITERRANEAN AND NEAR EAST, Italian East Africa Campaigns (1940-1941), North Africa Campaigns and the Mediterranean (1940-1943), Balkan Campaigns and The Aegean (1940-1941), Balkan Campaigns, The Aegean and The Adriatic (1942-1945), Africa, Mediterranean and Near East: Miscellaneous Campaigns, Air and Naval campaigns in Europe: Miscellaneous, Indo-China and Thailand Operations (1940-1945), Malaya and Singapore Campaign (1941-1942), (CBI) China-Burma-India Theater (1941-1945), WAR IN AUSTRALIA, PACIFIC AND INDIAN OCEANS, Central Pacific Area Operations (1941-1945), Australia, New Guinea and The Bismarck Operations (1942-1945), Solomon Islands Campaigns and The South Pacific (1942-1945), Bombas Atómicas y Rendición del Japón (1945), North Pacific Area Operations (1941-1945), Australia, Pacific and Indian: Miscellaneous Campaigns, AIR AND NAVAL WAR IN ASIA, PACIFIC E INDIAN, War at Sea in The Pacific and Indian Oceans (1939-1945), Air War in Asia and The Pacific (1941-1945), Air and Naval Asia, Pacific and Indian: Miscellaneous Campaigns, Armored Cars and Armoured Fighting Vehicles, UNITED STATES, CANADA AND THE REST OF LATIN, JAPAN, AUSTRALIA, CHINA AND REST OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC, Re-enactment: Other Interesting Resources, The Guadalcanal-Solomons Campaign November 1942–March 1943, The Doolittle Raiders and their Fight for Justice, The Longest Campaign: The Battle of the Atlantic, The River Battles: Canada's Final Campaign in Italy, Mechanisation of British Cavalry Units and Tank Doctrine, PODCAST MUJERES EN LA SEGUNDA GUERRA MUNDIAL, EL DÍA MAS LARGO PODCAST SOBRE ESTA ICONICA PELÍCULA DEL DÍA D, German Heavy Cruiser Blücher Wreckage Site and Diving (five videos), The People's Army in the Spanish Civil War, Eagle Squadron (US early entry into WWII), La industria de guerra alemana como elemento de planificación estratégica durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, It`s Amazing! [24] Kopås kept firing at the retreating ships until they disappeared in the mist at a range of around 3,000 m (3,300 yd). SMS Blücher (wreck) SMS Blücher (wreck) SMS Blücher was the last armored cruiser of the German Kaiserliche Marine. None of the prisoners were interrogated. [22] The second 28 cm round hit the base of the forward 20.3 cm (8.0 in) gun turret shortly thereafter, throwing large parts of it into the fjord and igniting further fires on board. In addition to the depth the vessel is turned upside-down, and strong tides make diving possible only at specific times. When the guns on both sides silenced, with all the "passengers" still under deck—"there was a dead silence on board the whole ship, no movement whatsoever was identified".[32]. The two Norwegian guns had been loaded with live, 255 kg (562 lb) high-explosive shells;[21] firing them "in anger" was a violation of the pre-war Norwegian rules of engagement which dictated warning shots be fired first, as had been the case at Oslofjord Fortress further down the fjord. Blücher's torpedoes were fired against land to avoid them exploding in the uncontrolled fires aboard. The whole of Oslo’s sea-traffic goes through, both freight ships and passenger ship to England. The occupation forces would then take care of the rest. Review of the 1/350 kit of the German Navy's Cruiser Blücher by Trumpeter. [23] There was only time for the Main Battery to fire these two rounds, due to their slow reload time with only 30 untrained recruits manning them at the time. As the political situation was chaotic, the 64-year-old commander, Oberst (Colonel) Birger Eriksen, had not received any clear orders and had received no notice as to whether the approaching warships were German or Allied. [25][26][28][29][30] Later, at 04:35, Oberst Eriksen received a message from the Norwegian minesweeper HNoMS Otra confirming that the intruding ships were German. The Blücher was a German Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruiser. [2] The ship was intended for long-range overseas service, so the designers placed emphasis on a large cruising radius and capaciou… The second 28 cm shell also knocked out the electricity central for the ship's main guns, rendering them unable to return fire. The commander of the torpedo battery at Oscarsborg had at the time of the battle been on sick leave since March 1940. [27] After pulling out of range of the fortress guns, Lützow employed her remaining turret "Bruno" to bombard the defenders from a range of 9–10 km (4.9–5.4 nmi; 5.6–6.2 mi) down the fjord. The German navies of the 1920s through 1945—the Reichsmarine and later Kriegsmarine—built or planned a series of heavy cruisers starting in the late 1920s, initially classified as Panzerschiffe (armored ships). Estimated Wreckposition of German Heavy Cruiser Blücher. Article 190 limited new cruiser designs to 6,000 long tons (6,100 t) and prohibited new construction until the vessel to be replaced was at least twenty years old. Group 5 was tasked with capturing Oslo, the capital of Norway, and transported a force of … He responded with his now famous response; "Either I will be decorated or I will be court martialled, Fire! [48], The garrison at the main battery and at Håøya were treated separately by the Germans from those captured from the mainland batteries, and were released a week after the battle. After passing the line of fire of the fortress' gun batteries, the cruiser was burning and severely damaged, but her captain still hoped he would be able to save his ship. With all engines knocked out by the second torpedo hit, the cruiser anchored near the Askholmene islets just north and out of the arc of fire of the fort's guns to try to fight the ferocious fires raging throughout the vessel. The invasion included a planned landing of 1,000 troops transported by ship to Oslo. The heavy cruiser Blücher would sail into the Oslo harbor, turn its cannons against the royal palace, and Norway would surrender. [50], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°42′03″N 10°35′34″E / 59.7009°N 10.5927°E / 59.7009; 10.5927, Battle of World War II in the Norwegian Campaign. Copyright © 2014. The WSW 1:700th SMS Blucher is typical of the high quality we’ve come to expect from this German producer. The guardsmen were supposed to take all the Germans prisoner, but mainly focused on caring for the many wounded and dying. She was the only ship of her class and was the first large warship built in Germany after the end of World War I.She was built at the Reichsmarinewerft in Wilhelmshaven; her keel was laid down in December 1921 and her completed hull was launched in January 1925. The battle is depicted in the 2016 feature film The King's Choice. One of the 15 cm rounds from Kopås disabled Blücher's steering gear and forced the cruiser's crew to steer her using the engines to avoid running aground. In addition Norway’s gold reserves were moved out of reach of the invaders and ultimately shipped to the Allies for Norway’s use during the war. It marked the end of the "Phoney War" and the beginning of World War II in Western Europe. After firing, the two other tubes were reloaded and readied for the next target. 14.08.2014 - German cruiser Blücher in the Oslo fjord, April 9, 1940 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Stay safe and healthy. WW2live is a division of Yourwhislist E-commerce, S.L. The electricity central for the many wounded and dying fleet to fall back to England to... Marine-Enviroment reasons, four machine guns on the morning of 10 April lines, back in 2017 was surrendered on... Built for the German Kaiserliche Marine mines were not deployed on 9.! 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